The information contained in the University Regulations: Non-Academic represents policies in place as of the current date. For access to earlier versions of policies governing prior time periods, please refer to the University Policy Directory. Direct links to the pertinent policies in the Directory also are available within each section below.
Click on a link to be taken to the entry below.
Adherence to Copyright Protections
It is the policy of the University to respect the protections given by federal law to owners of copyrightable subject matter (“Copyright-Protected Materials”). It is against University policy for faculty, staff, or students to use University equipment, services, or facilities to access, use, copy, reproduce, distribute, or display Copyright-Protected Materials except as permitted under copyright law.
Applying the legal principle of “fair use” or other exemptions under the Copyright Act which protects many teaching and learning activities, obtaining the permission of the copyright holder, or acquiring appropriate rights in Copyright-Protected Materials, are ways to address the federal copyright requirements. It is the individual responsibility of faculty, staff, and students to comply with this policy in all University programs and activities and in use of all University equipment, services, or facilities. The University Library and University Information Technology Services provide copyright guidance and information resources. The Office of University Counsel provides legal advice concerning copyright law.
Copyright-Protected Materials include software, library holdings, audio and audio-visual works, and other technology and information resources provided through the University for use by faculty, staff, and students. Such materials must be used consistent with the licenses that have been entered into by the University.
Special requirements apply to public performance of motion pictures, films, songs, and videos. Federal law grants copyright owners the exclusive right to perform motion pictures in any “place open to the public or at any place where a substantial number of persons outside a normal circle of a family and its social acquaintances is gathered” (United States Code, Title 17, Section 101). Students should be aware that dormitories and meeting places may also be “public” places. Further information regarding the showing of motion pictures or films, or public performance of music, on University property, can be obtained by contacting Event Planning Services (Division of Student Affairs) on the fourth floor of Newcomb Hall at (434) 924-7225.
For additional information and to read the full policy, please see GOV-005: Adherence to Copyright Protections.
Email as Official Means of University Communications with Students
Email is the official means for communication with every University student regardless of year or enrollment status. The University will send official communications to enrolled students by email using their primary email addresses. Students are expected to open and read those communications in a timely fashion.
Official Communication is defined as communications that include content related to a student’s enrollment, financial responsibilities, and compliance with University policies and procedures, including the policies and procedures of the University’s Honor and Judiciary committees.
Assignment of a Student’s Primary Email Address: Information Technology Services (ITS) assigns each enrolled student a primary email address. The primary email address is the address to which the University sends official email notifications. These addresses are created for students within a few days of the University receiving their admission deposits. They are formatted as UVA computing ID @virginia.edu (e.g., email@example.com).
- Redirecting of Email: Students may use the UVA Email Address Management System to specify the email service to which messages sent to their primary email address will be delivered. In making these delivery choices, students are responsible for selecting the email service(s) they most frequently use to ensure they receive and read official University communications in a timely manner.
- Expectations Regarding Student Use of Email: Students are expected to check their official email addresses on a frequent and consistent basis to remain informed of University communications, as certain communications may be time sensitive. Students who fail to check their email on a regular basis are responsible for any resulting consequences.
- Educational Uses of Email: Faculty will determine how email or other means of electronic communication will be used in their classes. Faculty can expect students to read messages sent to their primary email addresses in a timely manner.
- Appropriate Use of Email:
- Email must not be used to communicate highly sensitive data as defined in the University’s Data Protection of University Information Policy, found at IRM-003: Data Protection of University Information.
- Emails must comply with relevant federal and state laws, as well as University policies, including those governing public computing resources, security considerations, and ethics in computing. See the Related Information section for key law and policy references.
- Email shall not be the sole method for notification where another method of communication is required by law.
For additional information and to read the full policy, please see IRM-016: Use of Email for Official Communication with Students.
Exterior Posting and Chalking
The University is committed to promoting communication among students, faculty, the administration and the surrounding community. Posting and chalking on University property (excluding the Medical Center) is permitted under the following conditions:
All affiliated persons, student groups/organizations, and unaffiliated persons may engage in posting on University property in compliance with the following conditions:
- Exterior posting on University property is permitted on designated kiosks. Materials may not be placed on areas or surfaces not intended for posting, including but not limited to, trees, columns, lampposts, bollards, walls, trash receptacles, railings, newspaper racks, construction fences and bicycle racks.
- Postings are limited to one per individual/organization per kiosk on a first-come, first-serve basis.
- Flyers should not exceed standard letter-size paper (8 ½ x 11 inches).
- All materials posted shall clearly indicate the name of the sponsoring University department, office, student organization, independent group or outside organization.
- Materials shall be posted in such a manner as not to deface or damage the surface to which they are attached. Masking tape is an acceptable means of securing materials to a surface. Scotch or Scotch-type tapes and duct tape are not allowed; nor are liquid paste or cement of any type.
- With the exception of the Amphitheater, no bed sheets or similar large signs may be displayed on University property. Individuals/organizations wishing to place a sign in the Amphitheater need to obtain approval from Event Management (Division of Student Affairs).
- No temporary structures (e.g., sandwich boards) may be placed on central Grounds for the purpose of providing space for posting flyers or other announcements, unless approved by Event Management (Division of Student Affairs).
- All postings and/or announcements in Athletics Facilities are restricted and approved only in advance by the Department of Athletics, Facilities and Game Operations and/or by Event Management at the time of a particular event.
Only affiliated persons and student groups/organizations may engage in chalking on University property. Affiliated persons and student groups/organizations may engage in chalking in compliance with the following conditions:
- Chalk may be used on exposed (not below roofs or other overhangs) exterior concrete or asphalt sidewalks or walkways. Use of chalk on brick, slate, other stone surfaces, buildings, or other structures of any kind - with the exception of the University Remembrance Garden Wall - is strictly prohibited.
- Only non-permanent sidewalk chalk may be used. No paint, spray/adhesive chalks, markers or inks are allowed.
- Only one chalked message is permitted per sidewalk area (for example: one each to the north, west and east of the amphitheater; one each on the sidewalks surrounding the Lower Lawn).
- Compliance with Policy:
Posted materials which are not in compliance with these regulations will be removed by Facilities Management or other University officials without regard to content.
Failure to comply with the requirements of this policy may result in disciplinary action up to and including termination or expulsion in accordance with relevant University policies. Individuals and organizations, including student groups/organizations, failing to comply with this policy may jeopardize future posting privileges; be liable for damage and/or clean-up costs if any are incurred; jeopardize funding or other privileges afforded to them; or face charges before the University Judiciary Committee.
Any person who violates this policy may be removed and/or prosecuted for trespass or other offenses in accordance with federal or state law.
Questions about this policy should be directed to Student Affairs Event Management.
Facilities Management will remove all posting from kiosks once a week on Monday mornings before 9 a.m. Any posting or chalking that is not protected by law (true threats, obscenity, copyright or trademark violation, etc.) may be removed at any time.
Facilities Management will remove all messages from the University Remembrance Garden Wall once a week on Monday mornings before 9 a.m. A two week extension may be granted upon written request to Student Affairs in order to honor individuals who passed away during the preceding month.
For interior postings, separate restrictions apply. Please contact building or residence hall managers for information.
For additional information and to read the full policy, see PRM-008: Exterior Posting and Chalking.
Food Service Provided by Student Organizations
The University recognizes that food service is used to foster and strengthen the sense of community both within student organizations and among the broader University community. The University has established guidelines for food service on University property by Contracted Independent Organizations (CIOs), Fraternal Organizations (FOs), and Special Status Organizations. Specifically:
- Student organizations are permitted to serve and/or sell pre-packaged and baked goods.
- Student organizations are permitted to serve and/or sell cooked foods only when the food is prepared by third-party providers holding all licenses and permits required by the Blue Ridge Health District.
- Under no circumstance may a student organization prepare cooked food and then sell or distribute it on University property to anyone beyond the membership of the host group, including, but not limited to, University affiliated and unaffiliated persons.
- Special Status Organizations are prohibited from preparing cooked food for distribution at any event open to University affiliated or unaffiliated persons regardless of the location of the event.
- Under no circumstance may any student organization serve non-commercially prepared raw or uncooked meat, fish, or poultry in any University facility. All preparation and service of raw or uncooked meat, fish, or poultry must be by a licensed third-party vendor in close consultation with the Blue Ridge Health District.
Additional requirements for food service in spaces managed by the Division of Student Affairs:
- When reserving University facilities, student organizations are required to disclose all plans for food service.
- The student organization is responsible for verifying that vendors holding required licenses and permits prepare all cooked food. Professionally prepared cooked food can be served (not prepared) by members of the sponsoring organization.
- Food may not be set up, prepared, or served in any hallways due to fire safety restrictions.
- Only homemade baked goods may be sold for fundraising purposes.
- No food may be sold at the indoor or outdoor Newcomb Hall second floor information tables or the O’Hill information tables.
- Although tickets may be sold for events in the Amphitheater and Student Activities Building, food at such events must be free.
- No alcohol is permitted in Newcomb Hall or 1515. In any other spaces managed by Student Affairs, alcohol may only be served by Aramark.
Event Management staff in Student Affairs and University of Virginia Dining Services staff are available to consult with student organizations regarding food service options.
University Dining Services, through its Catering Department, has the capability and facilities for providing catering services to departments, faculty, staff, students, officially sponsored or recognized organizations, other state agencies in the local area, and non-state organizations or firms providing a benefit or service to the University (e.g., recruiters on Grounds). Catering service is available on and off Grounds.
University Catering is the only caterer allowed to provide service in the following locations:
- All Dining facilities
- The Rotunda
- Newcomb Hall Ballroom and Commonwealth Room
- Colonnade Hotel
- President’s Box at Scott Stadium
- John Paul Jones Arena
- Davenport Field Suites
- Forum at Observatory Hill Dining Hall
- Green Room at Runk Dining Hall
For additional information and to read the full policies, please see FIN-007: Locations Requiring Use of UVA Catering and STAF-001: Food Service Provided by Student Organizations.
Hazing is a crime in the Commonwealth of Virginia and is prohibited in accordance with University policy and the University’s Standards of Conduct. The University does not condone hazing in any form. Hazing is defined as any action or situation created by one or more members, advisors, or coaches of a student organization (including athletic teams) toward other organization members or prospective members that intentionally or recklessly threatens or produces mental or physical harassment, humiliation, fatigue, degradation, ridicule, shock, or injury. The action or situation is in connection with initiation, admission, affiliation, or ongoing membership in the organization, may occur with or without the consent of the participants, and may occur on or off University Property.
State and/or local law enforcement agencies investigate allegations of hazing under Virginia law. Student Affairs investigates allegations of hazing under University policy. For more information and resources aimed at hazing prevention and education, visit the Hoos Against Hazing website.
Anyone with concerns about hazing and/or the well-being of any student is encouraged to contact Student Affairs directly at 434-924-7133 or file a report through Just Report It.
For additional information and to read the full policy, see STU-005: Prohibition on Hazing.
Issuance and Use of University Identification Cards
All ID cards are the property of the University of Virginia and are provided for appropriate use for identification and access to services. The card itself and the card’s privileges are not transferable. The card is valid as long as the holder continues his/her specific affiliation with the University of Virginia. Any misuse, alteration, or fabrication of the card will subject the holder to disciplinary action by the University. The University Judiciary Committee has responsibility for adjudicating complaints alleging student misuse of a University ID card in relation to University events or services.
For more information, please contact the University Judiciary Committee (434-924-7602) or Student Affairs (434-924-7133, firstname.lastname@example.org). To read the full policy, see HRM-002: Issuance and Use of University Identification Cards.
Maintaining Current Residential Address
Students are required to maintain correct address information in their Student Information System (SIS) account. Within 48 hours of a change of address, students must go to their SIS Self Service account and record any changes of permanent (home) or present (local) mailing addresses. Students bear the full responsibility for any consequences resulting from official University communications misdirected or not received because of an incorrect address.
For additional information and to read the full policy, see STAF-007: Maintaining Current Residential Address.
Managing Export and Sanction Compliance in Support of University Activities
The conduct of certain University research, teaching, service, and patient care activities is subject to control under Federal export control or sanction regulations. Controls may be applicable due to the use or generation of controlled technology or the conduct of controlled activities which may occur inside or outside the U.S.
All University faculty, staff, trainees, and volunteers are responsible for:
- Knowing and complying with any requirements applicable to their activities;
- Seeking assistance from the Office of Export Controls prior to performing any controlled activities (examples include temporary exports associated with international travel, international shipping, and deemed exports); and
- Reporting any suspected non-compliance with export controls, sanctions, or this policy to the Office of Export Controls.
Failure to comply with the requirements of this policy as fully detailed under FIN-043: Managing Export and Sanction Compliance in Support of University Activities may result in violations of federal export control laws and regulations for which substantial individual and/or institutional penalties may be assessed; penalties may be civil, criminal, or both. In addition, failure to comply with the requirements of this policy may result in disciplinary action up to and including termination or expulsion in accordance with relevant University policies.
Mass Digital Communications
All faculty, staff, and students using digital communications tools and constituent data to connect with groups of 500 or more constituents, whether at once or in segments, must adhere to the following provisions.
- Mass Digital Communications Must Be Mission-related:
Mass digital communications that utilize constituent data or are sent by University email accounts must be related to the University’s mission of teaching, research, public service, and health care.
- Communications Must be Relevant:
Mass digital communications must be relevant to the recipients. Relevancy is defined as related to an existing transaction or relationship, including, but not limited to:
- Applying to and/or attending (with or without graduating from) the University.
- Working at the University or its associated organizations.
- Giving to the University.
- Indicating interest in the University by subscribing to listservs, social groups, or through ticket purchases.
- Mass Digital Communications to Certain Constituent Groups Require Pre-Approval:
Mass digital communications to certain audiences must have executive-level approval in advance of issuance. See Policy IRM-006: Mass Digital Communication for list of approvers.
Mass electronic mailings must also comply with relevant federal and state laws, as well as University policies, including those governing IT resources, security considerations, and ethics in computing. For additional information and to read the full policies, see IRM-006: Mass Digital Communications and IRM-002: Acceptable Use of the University’s Information Technology Resources.
Open Burn and Open Flame Operations at the University of Virginia
Unless otherwise permitted under Policy SEC-032: Open Burn and Open Flame Operations at the University of Virginia, a person shall not kindle or maintain or authorize to be kindled or maintained any open burning (including, but not limited to, campfires, bonfires, and fire pits) unless it is: (1) approved by the Office of Environmental Health and Safety (EHS) or the University of Virginia Medical Center Fire Protection Inspector’s Office as appropriate; and (2) conducted in accordance with the Virginia Statewide Fire Prevention Code, Statewide burning laws, and applicable local City and County codes and regulations.
Unless otherwise permitted under Policy SEC-032: Open Burn and Open Flame Operations at the University of Virginia, a person shall not use an Open Flame or Open Flame Device (including but not limited to, candles, tiki torches, and oil lanterns) unless it is: (1) approved by EHS or the UVA Medical Center Fire Protection Inspector’s Office as appropriate; (2) conducted in accordance with applicable University or Medical Center procedures; and (3) conducted in accordance with the Virginia Statewide Fire Prevention Code. A person shall not use an Open Flame or Open Flame Device in any place where flammable, combustible, or explosive material is utilized or stored. Open Burn and Open Flame Device use and operation in any University Facility or on University Property must be operated and managed in accordance with this policy
A request must be made to the Office of Environmental Health & Safety or the University of Virginia Medical Center Fire Protection Inspector’s Office for the purpose of an open burn and Open Flame Device use and operation. EHS and/or the UVA Medical Center Fire Protection Inspector will review the request to ensure the open burn and Open Flame Device is used in accordance with and meets the requirements of (1) the Virginia Statewide Fire Prevention Code; (2) Statewide Burning Laws; (3) EHS procedures; (4) UVA Medical Center procedures; and (5) applicable local City and County codes and regulations. Each request will be reviewed to ensure the safety of the University’s faculty, staff, students, patients and visitors, and for stewardship of the University’s facilities and property.
The following are exempt from the requirements of this policy:
- Outdoor cooking operations where propane and charcoal are used in a safe manner. Ashes, cinders and coals shall be disposed of in an approved manner. Contact EHS or the University of Virginia Medical Center Fire Protection Inspector for disposal guidelines.
- Indoor and outdoor use of Sterno, for the purpose of warming foods. Such use should be maintained and operated in an approved manner. Contact the EHS or the University of Virginia Medical Center Fire Protection Inspector for operating guidelines.
- Laboratory flame producing equipment.
Failure to comply with the requirements of Policy SEC-032: Open Burn and Open Flame Operations at the University of Virginia may result in disciplinary action up to and including termination or expulsion in accordance with relevant University policies and may result in prosecution in accordance with state and federal law. This includes complying with the applicable adopted version of the Virginia Statewide Fire Prevention Code along with the associated legal proceedings to restrain, correct, or abate such alleged violation.
Parental Notification Regarding Alcohol and Other Drugs
The University will notify parents of dependent students (for federal tax purposes) when it becomes aware that a University of Virginia student has been arrested for an alcohol- or drug-related violation.
The University strives to educate all students on the risks associated with substance abuse and the illegal use of alcohol or other drugs. Whenever Student Affairs becomes aware that a University of Virginia student has been arrested for an alcohol- or drug-related violation, and the student is a dependent (for federal tax purposes), Student Affairs will notify that student’s parent(s). Violations that trigger notifications under this paragraph include, but are not limited to, driving under the influence, public drunkenness, underage possession of alcohol, and unauthorized possession of controlled substances (illegal drugs).
Furthermore, whenever Student Affairs becomes aware that a University of Virginia student has engaged in a pattern of behavior or a severe incident involving the use of alcohol and/or drugs, and the student is a dependent (for federal tax purposes), Student Affairs will notify that student’s parent(s). Violations that trigger notifications under this paragraph include, but are not limited to, frequent or severe episodes of drug use, drunkenness, and/or binge drinking.
The University will make notifications under this policy unless the University, family, or other circumstances make such notifications incompatible with the student’s best interests. The University relies on the professional judgment of its faculty and administrators when assessing each student’s situation. Students whose family or other circumstances make notification under this policy inappropriate will be referred immediately to the University’s professional counseling resources.
When making a notification under this policy, time and circumstances permitting, a professional staff member in Student Affairs ordinarily will encourage the student to make the initial call to his or her parent(s). The staff member then will follow up with a call directly to the student’s parent(s).
A notification under this policy will be in addition to the intervention and education programs already offered to students when such infractions are brought to the University’s attention. Intervention may include one or more of the following: substance abuse assessment by a trained clinician; psychological assessment by a trained clinician; substance abuse counseling; enrollment in educational programs; and/or sanctions imposed for violations of the University’s Standards of Conduct.
A notification under this policy is authorized by the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974, 20 U.S.C. 1232g (“FERPA”), which permits the disclosure of information from education records to parents of dependent students. The University reserves the right in its sole discretion to notify parents of alcohol- or drug-related incidents falling outside this policy to the extent permitted by FERPA or other applicable law.
For additional information and to read the full policy, see STAF-005: Parental Notification Regarding Alcohol and Other Drugs.
Parental Notification Regarding Psychological Emergency
In accordance with state law, Va. Code §23.1-1303, the University of Virginia will notify a parent of any student who is dependent (for federal tax purposes) and receives mental health treatment at Student Health and Wellness or a University counseling center when there exists a substantial likelihood that, as a result of mental illness, the student will, in the near future, (a) cause serious physical harm to himself or herself or others as evidenced by recent behavior or any other relevant information or (b) suffer serious harm due to his or her lack of capacity to protect himself or herself from harm or to provide for his or her basic human needs.
A treating health professional will inform the University Dean of Students or designee whenever notification is required in these instances. The University Dean of Students or designee will then notify the parent.
Parental notification may be withheld in these instances if a licensed health professional treating the student determines, in the exercise of his or her professional judgment, that notification would be reasonably likely to cause substantial harm to the student or another person.
For additional information and to read the full policy, see BOV-005: Notification to Parents of Tax-Dependent Students in Instances of Psychological Emergency.
Parking at the University of Virginia is generally allowed only by permit, except at meters or in attended lots. Permits are valid only in the designated lot and subject to posted restrictions.
Parking regulations remain in effect throughout the year, unless otherwise posted. Permit regulations are lifted during certain University and Medical Center holiday seasons. Permit regulations are not lifted during student breaks, but temporary permits for certain lots may be purchased during such periods.
Painted curbs also indicate controlled areas. Yellow paint means parking is prohibited at all times. Red paint means parking is limited according to the posted signs.
Visitors may park in designated areas throughout the University. The Medical Center has designated parking for patients and visitors. Visitors may purchase temporary permits for varying periods of time. The University assumes no responsibility for the care and protection of any vehicle or its contents while parked in any University-controlled area.
For additional information and to read the full policy, see PRM-010: Parking Regulations.
Parties, Dances, Socials, and Late-Night Events
Parties, dances, or socials are events that involve interactions such as socializing and/or dancing, and are usually accompanied by live or recorded music. The purpose of this policy is to outline procedures that seek to provide a safe environment for attendees and to clarify the expectations of managing these events.
For purposes of this policy, “event scheduler” means any of the University of Virginia offices that assign and manage University resources and facilities for the use of student organizations. “Facility director” means any supervisor who is responsible for creating, interpreting, coordinating, and executing facility-specific regulations.
University of Virginia student organizations – such as those identified as Contracted Independent Organizations (CIOs), those with a Fraternal Organization Agreement (FOA), or a Special Status or Agency group – are eligible to reserve University facilities for a party, dance, or social event that has been designated as available by facility directors. Reservations can be made by contacting an event scheduler for that facility.
Admission at such events is open to University of Virginia students, faculty, and staff if they present a valid University identification card at the time of entry. See the policy on Use of University Facilities or Property and Limits on Direct Solicitation and Advertising for additional information on admission charges.
The sponsoring organization may invite and sponsor guests who are unaffiliated with the University. A guest list must be submitted to the event scheduler, UPD, and the facility director no later than one business day before the event start time.
Under no circumstance can admittance exceed the occupational capacity of the venue. The maximum capacity may be altered at any time by the UPD, the Fire Marshal, and/or the facility director(s) to ensure the safe and reasonable occupation of the venue. Admittance can be revoked at any time by those who have been charged with interpreting and/or enforcing this policy or others associated with the facility hosting the event.
Advertising and Promotion
Advertising or promotion of the event off Grounds by any means is prohibited. Any web promotion must be directed to those who are enrolled or employed at the University. A copy of the event advertisement must be approved by both the event scheduler and the facility director before being posted and must include the following information: “Admission is open to UVA students, faculty, and staff. UVA students, faculty, and staff must present a current UVA ID and register with the sponsoring organization prior to the event. Guests must present a valid picture ID for admission.”
As sponsor/host of the event, the sponsoring organization is responsible and shall be held accountable for ensuring that all policies, guidelines, and reasonable expectations relative to properly managing the event are followed. Expectations include, but are not limited to, monitoring all activities related to the event; effective crowd control; ensuring adherence to policies by all participants/guests; and demonstrated efforts to resolve potential conflicts and immediately report illegal or inappropriate behavior (including persons who are intoxicated or in possession of illegal substances) to UPD officers on duty at the event. Full cooperation from all sponsoring organization(s) members is expected. If questions or perceived conflicts arise, the direction of building staff, event management staff, and/or UPD shall be followed.
Ending the Event
The event end time must be approved in advance by the event scheduler and facility director. The sponsoring organization is responsible for working with UPD and building staff to promptly clear the facility of guests and equipment by the event end time. Prior arrangements must be made with the event scheduler if the equipment is to be broken down and cleared after the event end time.
It is a requirement to hire officers from UPD for these events, and the number of officers present is at the discretion of UPD. Officers shall be hired for the time period of 30 minutes prior to the start of the event and until the crowd has been completely dispersed after the event end time. Police personnel will not be responsible for interpreting building and event policies but will assist building staff in enforcement of such polices.
All attendees may be subject to a visual search of person and accessories. Alcohol, illegal substances, glass containers, and weapons are prohibited. No person will be admitted who is visibly intoxicated or otherwise behaviorally impaired nor shall anyone be admitted after 1:00 a.m. Re-admittance by any means is prohibited.
Exceptions to the Security Requirements
The following events or activities may be exempt from the security requirements and will be handled on a case-by-case basis, subject to the approval of the respective facility director:
- Dances, parties, step shows, or other social events that are hosted by University student organizations and that end no later than 12:00 midnight and for which there is no admission charge.
- Annual balls, formals, or social events that are open to organization members and their guests only.
Rates and Fees
The sponsoring organization shall be responsible for all applicable facility and event fees, including but not limited to, event security staff, UPD officers, special equipment, extended hours, and special cleaning due to damages, or any reasonable need expressed by the facility director.
Violation of any of these policies may result in sanctions against the organization and/or individuals. Sanctions may include, but are not limited to, referral to the University Judiciary Committee, fees, and limitations on future use of University facilities.
Preventing and Addressing Discrimination, Harassment, and Retaliation
In order to provide a safe and non-discriminatory learning, living, and working environment, the University prohibits discrimination or harassment in the workplace, academic setting, or in its programs or activities based on age, color, disability, gender identity or expression, marital status, military status (which includes active duty service members, reserve service members, and dependents), national or ethnic origin, political affiliation, pregnancy (including childbirth and related conditions), race, religion, sex, sexual orientation, veteran status, and family medical or genetic information. See the University’s Notice of Non-Discrimination and Equal Opportunity.
Discrimination, harassment, and retaliation are defined in the University’s Preventing and Addressing Discrimination and Harassment policy (“PADH Policy”) and the Preventing and Addressing Retaliation policy (“PAR Policy”). These policies are intended to be consistent with applicable federal and state laws and state and University policies. The University’s Office for Equal Opportunity and Civil Rights (EOCR) is responsible for enforcing this policy on behalf of the University and maintains complaint procedures that offer options for informal and formal resolution.
You may report discrimination, harassment, and retaliation to the University by submitting a report to the University’s online reporting website, Just Report It, contacting EOCR at (434) 924-3200 or UVAEOCR@virginia.edu to speak with a member of the EOCR team, or submitting a PADHR complaint.
Please note that sexual and gender-based harassment is prohibited by the University’s Policy on Sexual and Gender-Based Harassment and Other Forms of Interpersonal Violence (“Sexual Misconduct Policy”). The Sexual Misconduct Policy establishes separate procedures for reporting and resolving these forms of harassment. Please see the section below for more information about this policy or contact the Title IX/Sexual Misconduct office at (434) 297-7988 or email@example.com. The Sexual Misconduct Policy and related procedures are also available on the EOCR website.
Preventing and Addressing Threats or Acts of Violence
The University and Medical Center promote a safe environment in which to learn, live, and work by strictly prohibiting threats or acts of violence. The University and Medical Center have established a violence prevention committee and Threat Assessment Team (TAT) to assess, manage, intervene, and mitigate identified acts or threats of violence by or against faculty, staff, students, Medical Center employees, patients, and visitors or other non-affiliated individuals.
In situations where violence appears imminent or occurs, individuals should immediately call 911. Faculty, staff, students, Medical Center employees, patients, and visitors should report any violent or threatening behavior either to the University Police Department (UPD), Student Affairs, Office for Equal Opportunity and Civil Rights (EOCR), University Human Resources (UHR), Medical Center Human Resources (MCHR), Patient Safety and Risk Management, the Director of Threat Assessment or through Just Report It.
Note: Retaliation against any faculty, staff, student, Medical Center employee, patient, or visitor who in good faith, reports violent or threatening behavior per this policy is prohibited. Retaliatory actions will be referred to the appropriate disciplinary authority within the University and Medical Center.
Violent and/or threatening behavior encompasses a range of activities occurring on or off University or Medical Center grounds and generates reasonable concern for personal or community safety. Violent and/or threatening behavior includes but is not limited to the following examples:
- Brandishing a weapon or firearm.
- Unsanctioned possession of firearms, weapons, or other dangerous items.
- Intentionally injuring another person physically.
- Committing injurious or threatening acts related to sexual assault, stalking, dating or domestic violence, or sexual or gender-based harassment.
- Threatening to injure an individual or to damage property.
- Hazing as defined in University Policy STU-005.
- Defacing or damaging property.
- Engaging in verbal or physical behavior that creates a reasonable fear of physical injury.
- Intentionally engaging in verbal or physical behavior that subjects any individual to extreme emotional distress.
- Engaging in threatening or violent behavior based on race, ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, or other protected status.
Any University faculty, staff, student, or Medical Center employee who obtains a court order of protection is responsible for alerting the University Police of the existence of such order and providing a copy.
All University faculty, staff, students, and Medical Center employees are expected to cooperate fully with the Threat Assessment Team including but not limited to: answering questions about violent or threatening behavior, answering questions about persons of concern (e.g., the environment where they live, work, study, or receive care; stressors, health, emotional health, history of violence or threatening statements, and weapon possession), providing employee and student records subject to relevant state and federal laws.
For additional information and to read the full policy, please see HRM-028: Preventing and Addressing Threats or Acts of Violence.
Prohibition of Food and Drink in Research Laboratories
The consumption, use, or storage of food and drink by University faculty, staff, and students is prohibited in work areas where animals are handled or hazardous chemicals, biological, or radioactive materials are stored and used.
Exception: When the only hazardous materials used in the work area are chemicals that are not anticipated to present a health hazard, the Office of Environmental Health and Safety (EHS) may be asked to evaluate the work area to approve an appropriate location.
For additional information and to read the full policy, see VPRS-001: Prohibition of Food and Drink in Research Laboratories.
Prohibition of Self-Balancing Electric Wheeled Boards (Hoverboards) at the University
Due to the safety risks (injury to self, others, and fire risk) of self-balancing electric wheeled boards (Hoverboards), the use, possession, charging, and/or storage of these devices is prohibited on the University Grounds, in University facilities, in University housing, or on University or Medical Center property. Self-balancing electric wheeled boards are defined as a type of portable, rechargeable personal mobility device that uses gyroscopic technology to allow an operator to balance on a small-wheeled platform. These devices are commonly referred to as “Hoverboards,” but may also be referred to as Swagboards and self-balancing scooters.
For additional information and to read the full policy, see SEC-036: Prohibition of Self-Balancing Electric Wheeled Boards (Hoverboards) at the University.
Prohibition on Dogs Running at Large
The University prohibits dogs running at large on University grounds in accordance with Section 4-200, Albemarle County Ordinance and Section 4-38, City of Charlottesville Ordinance.
Any person who permits his or her dog to run at large shall be deemed to have violated the provisions of the applicable ordinance and upon conviction shall be fined at the discretion of the judge trying the case.
For additional information and to read the full policy, please see SEC-042: Prohibition on Dogs Running at Large.
Protests, Demonstrations, and Other Expressive Activities during Official University Ceremonies and Events held at the Academical Village
Official University ceremonies and events sponsored by either (1) the Office of Major Events or (2) another University office with the endorsement of the University President and held in the Academical Village always create special challenges for the University because of the great number of activities occurring during that period across University Grounds and the large number of people attending them. Because of this, the University has established the following policy that is specific to these official University ceremonies and events. During these occasions, this policy supersedes all other policies regarding use of University Grounds and facilities to the extent such policies may be inconsistent with this one.
[Note: Use of “ceremonies,” “events,” and “occasions” throughout this policy refer to official University ceremonies and events sponsored by either (1) the Office of Major Events or (2) another University office with the endorsement of the University President.]
Attendance at these official ceremonies and events is by invitation only unless otherwise noted. Those in attendance without having been invited or otherwise having been authorized to attend may be asked to leave if their presence creates disruption, impedes movement of invited guests from place to place, or otherwise creates unsafe conditions for participants or invited visitors.
Because of the large crowds and multiple venues that are typical of these occasions, activities that otherwise may be consistent with University policy may be impermissible during that period.
During official ceremonies and events, items currently approved and authorized to be carried are placards that are not attached to sticks and balloons as long as those placards and balloons are not so large or unwieldy as to obstruct or interfere with the official ceremony or event.
Items held or carried must not obscure the view of participants or invited visitors or interfere with these official ceremonies and events.
Activities of participants or invited visitors must not interfere with the official ceremony or events.
No non-University commercial solicitation will be allowed on University Grounds during these occasions.
Protests, demonstrations, and other expressive activities may take place during official University ceremonies and events within the following area of University Grounds: in the area bounded by Alderman Library, Monroe Hall, Peabody Hall, Special Collections Library, and McCormick Road (subject to space needed for emergency medical services). If the official ceremony or event is moved to the John Paul Jones Arena, this policy remains applicable and the designated area is the grassy area outside the north entrance of the McCue Center.
Even within this designated area, protests, demonstrations and other expressive activities, including distribution of leaflets or other written materials, may not:
Block or impede pedestrian or vehicular traffic along streets and sidewalks;
Involve placement of tents or other temporary structures;
Interfere with or impede official ceremonies, events and activities;
Use sound amplification devices; or
Violate applicable law or University rules, regulations, or procedures.
Persons Lawfully in Charge
Ushers and representatives of the offices of the president or vice president and chief student affairs officer are authorized to ask guests to modify behavior in accordance with this policy. In addition to University personnel responsible for the management or supervision of University property and activities, University law-enforcement officers are lawfully in charge of University property for purposes of forbidding entry upon or within or prohibiting remaining upon or within University property in violation of this policy.
Compliance with Policy
Persons in violation of this policy either will be instructed to bring their activities into compliance with the requirements set forth above or asked to leave. Failure to comply with the requirements of this policy may result in disciplinary action up to and including termination and expulsion in accordance with relevant University policies, including but not limited to the University’s Standards of Conduct, if applicable. Any person who violates this policy may be removed and/or prosecuted for trespass, disorderly conduct, or other offenses under law.
For additional information and to read the full policy, see SEC-039: Protests, Demonstrations, and Other Expressive Activities during Official University Ceremonies and Events held at the Academical Village.
Recording of Class Sessions and Distribution of Course Materials
The University prohibits the recording of class sessions by students, regardless of purpose or modality, unless written permission has been obtained from the instructor, and all students in the class as well as guest speakers have been informed that recording will occur. Instructors may revoke permission at any time, and permission to allow a recording is not a transfer of any copyrights in the recording.
Even when authorized by the instructor, recordings may only be used for the purpose of individual or group study with other students enrolled in the same class during the same term.
Recordings may not be reproduced or shared without explicit written permission from the instructor. Furthermore, recordings may not be exchanged or distributed for commercial purposes, for compensation, or for any other purpose other than study by students enrolled in the same class during the term the recording was made. Improper distribution of such materials by students disrupts the University’s learning environment and is therefore a violation of the Standards of Conduct, which could subject a student to disciplinary action.
Students must provide a copy of any and all recordings to the instructor upon request. Students must destroy recordings at the end of the term in which they are enrolled in the class unless they receive the instructor’s written permission to retain them or are entitled to retain them as an accommodation authorized by the Student Disability Access Center (SDAC).
Students may not copy, reproduce, display, or distribute non-recorded course material(s) to other individuals without explicit written consent of the individual who created the material(s) in question. Students may neither exchange nor distribute any non-recorded course materials for commercial purposes, for compensation, or for any other purpose other than study by students enrolled in the class during the same term. Improper distribution of such materials by students disrupts the University’s learning environment and is therefore a violation of the Standards of Conduct and could subject a student to disciplinary action.
It is not a violation of this policy for a student determined by the Student Disability Access Center (SDAC) to be entitled to educational accommodations, to exercise any rights protected under Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, including needed recording or adaptations of classroom lectures or materials for personal research and study. The restrictions on third-party web and commercial distribution apply in such cases.
For additional information and to read the full policy, pleased see PROV-005: Recording of Class Sessions and Distribution of Course Materials.
Regulation of Weapons, Fireworks, Explosives, and Other Prohibited Items
The University promotes a safe environment for its students, faculty, staff, patients, and visitors on University property by the (1) reasonable regulation of weapons, fireworks, and explosives; (2) prohibition of other items during certain occurrences (incidents or planned events); and (3) adoption of enhanced safety and security protocols when deemed necessary.
Members of the University Community:
The possession, storage, or use of any weapon by any University student, faculty, employee, contractor, trainee, or volunteer is prohibited on University property. This prohibition also applies regardless of whether a person has a concealed weapon permit. This prohibition shall not apply to a law-enforcement officer who is on duty or who is contracted with the University to provide services within the University’s territorial jurisdiction and who is providing contracted services to the University at that time. A weapon is defined as any (i) firearm including any pistol, revolver, rifle, shotgun, air-pistol, paintball gun, or other instrument designed or intended to propel a bullet, cartridge, or other missile of any kind including a bow or cross-bow; (ii) dirk, bowie knife, switchblade knife, ballistic knife, butterfly knife, sword, machete, or other bladed weapon with a blade longer than four inches in length; (iii) razor slingshot, spring stick, metal or lexan knucks, or blackjack; (iv) flailing instrument consisting of two or more rigid parts connected in such manner as to allow them to swing freely, which may be known as nun chahka, nun chuck, nunchaku, shuriken, or fighting chain; or (v) disc, of whatever configuration, having at least two points or pointed blades that is designed to be thrown or propelled and that may be known as throwing star or oriental dart.
University-owned 3-D printers shall not be used to create any kind of weapon.
General Public and Visitors:
The possession, storage, or use of any weapon (as defined above) by the general public or visitors is prohibited on University property in academic, administrative, athletic, entertainment, or student residence buildings; child care or dining facilities; within the Academical Village (including the Lawn); at University memorial sites (including the Memorial to Enslaved Laborers, University Cemetery & Columbarium, the former George Rogers Clark statue site, and enslaved or free laborer cemeteries such as the Maury Cemetery and Kitty Foster Homestead and Cemetery); or the University Medical Center, or while attending sporting, entertainment, or educational activities. This prohibition applies regardless of whether a person has a concealed weapon permit. This prohibition shall not apply to a law-enforcement officer who is on duty or who is contracted with the University to provide services within the University’s territorial jurisdiction and who is providing contracted services to the University at that time.
Fireworks and Other Explosives:
Except as approved by authorized University personnel or otherwise authorized by applicable University policies and procedures, the possession, storage, or use of any firework or other explosive or any lethal combustible chemical or combination of chemicals on University property or while attending sporting, entertainment, or educational activities is prohibited.
Compliance with Policy:
Failure to comply with the requirements of this policy may result in denied entry, removal from University Property, and/or disciplinary action up to and including termination and expulsion in accordance with relevant University policies.
For additional information and to read the full policy, please see SEC-030: Regulation of Weapons, Fireworks, Explosives, and Other Prohibited Items.
Requirements and Costs Associated with Student Health and Wellness
All enrolled students are eligible to receive disability services free of charge. In addition, students charged the comprehensive health fee are eligible to receive care at the Department of Student Health and Wellness.
Any student with questions regarding eligibility should contact Student Health Medical Records at 434-924-1525.
- Pre-entrance Health Form:
All students admitted to the University must submit a record of immunizations before they register for their first semester. The form is available on the Department of Student Health and Wellness website. Students entering the University in the fall or spring are required to complete and submit this form by the due date identified by the University each year. Students whose forms are received after the due dates are subject to a late fee of $100.00.
- Health Insurance:
The University requires all students to have health insurance. Students may, but are not required to, enroll in the health insurance plan sponsored by the University of Virginia. For more information, including plan costs, please visit the Student Health and Wellness website.
- Insurance Verification Program:
All students at the University of Virginia charged the full comprehensive fees with their tuition are required to have health insurance coverage. Students must demonstrate to Student Health and Wellness that they have health insurance coverage that meets the University’s specific coverage requirements. To determine if their coverage meets the University’s requirements, students must complete a waiver application. Any student who does not demonstrate comparable coverage in the online waiver site, as determined by University of Virginia staff, will be enrolled in the University-sponsored health plan and charged for the full annual premium. See the Student Health and Wellness website, which includes information outlining comparable coverage, for more information.
- Medical Withdrawal/Readmission:
Student Health providers are available to assist students in the medical withdrawal process in conjunction with academic faculty and Student Affairs. Student Health and Wellness also participates in the readmission process for students who are returning from a medical withdrawal. The process and forms required are found on the Student Health and Wellness website.
- Compliance with Policy:
Failure to comply with immunization or insurance requirements will result in blocked registration until verification is provided.
For additional information and to read the full policy, see STAF-004: Requirements and Costs Associated with Student Health and Wellness.
Residence Hall / Apartment Living Visitation
Visitation in on-Grounds housing is outlined in the undergraduate and graduate Terms & Conditions of Housing. Please refer to the Housing & Residence Life website for more information.
Riding, Parking, and Storing Bicycles at the University
Given that bicycles are a form of transportation, the Department of Parking and Transportation is responsible for the issuance and administration of University bicycle regulations governing appropriate use and storage of bicycles.
- Ride in accordance with Virginia State laws;
- Obey all traffic signs, signals, lights, and markings; and
- Where permitted, while on sidewalks and shared-use paths, yield the right of way to pedestrians and give an audible signal before passing a pedestrian.
Bicycle racks must be used for parking (bringing to a halt and leaving it temporarily). However, faculty and staff while at work, or students while attending class, may park a bicycle inside a University facility provided (1) the specific facility does not prohibit bicycles inside; and (2) the bicycle is not parked in an entrance-way or an exit or exit passageway and interfering with a means of ingress or egress. Bicycles not properly parked will be impounded by the Department of Parking and Transportation.
Bicycle racks are for bicycles only, not motorized vehicles. Bikes parked in bike racks are expected to be maintained in good condition by the owner. If a bike is dilapidated or there is evidence of abandonment, the bike will be impounded and applicable impound fees will apply.
At the Medical Center, bicycles must be parked in designated spots outside of buildings. Bicycles are not permitted in any Medical Center facilities or in any School of Medicine facilities connected to the Medical Center.
Bike Racks on Buses:
All University Transit Service (UTS) transit buses are outfitted with bike racks to help riders easily transition from bike to bus. Each rack is capable of holding three bicycles at a time. Charlottesville Area Transit (CAT) transit buses are also equipped with bike racks. [Note: Bicycles are not permitted inside any UTS or CAT bus.] Additional information is available on the Parking and Transportation website.
Bicycles may not be stored in suites, apartments, hallways, stairwells or study lounges of University residential housing. Bicycles may be stored in student bedrooms as long as the means of egress is maintained. Bicycles that are not properly stored will be impounded by the Department of Parking and Transportation.
Impounded bicycles may be picked up at the Parking and Transportation Office during regular operating hours within 120 days of impoundment. A fee per impounded bicycle will be assessed. The Parking and Transportation Office is located at 1101 Millmont Street, Charlottesville, VA and is open from 7:30 am - 5:00 pm Monday-Friday.
The University Police Department offers online bicycle registration to students, faculty, and staff. Registration information may be used to assist in recovering a stolen or lost bicycle (see Procedures below).
For additional information and to read the University’s full bike policy, see PRM-019: Riding, Parking, and Storing Bicycles at the University.
Riding, Parking, and Storing of Motorized Scooters and Electric Power-Assisted Bicycles at the University
Motorized scooter and electric power-assisted bicycle operators are prohibited from:
- Operating (riding) on any sidewalk on University property, including the Medical Center.
- Parking (leaving, abandoning) or storing the vehicle in any University facility, in University housing, or in any Medical Center building.
- Charging the vehicle in any University or Medical Center electrical outlet.
Only those vendors providing motorized scooters and electric power-assisted bicycles who have been successfully permitted through the City of Charlottesville (which includes meeting the City’s equipment requirements in order to operate) shall be allowed to apply to operate on University Grounds or on University property, including the Medical Center. Approved vendors must adhere to additional requirements as set forth by the University. For vendors, authority to operate (i.e., deploy their motorized scooters, drop off, and pick up) on University Grounds does not change the cap on the number of devices permitted by the City.
Faculty, staff, students, Medical Center employees, and other visitors to the University operating a personally-owned motorized scooter or electric power-assisted bicycle on University Grounds or on University property, including the Medical Center, must adhere to these provisions as well.
These requirements apply to motorized scooters and electric power-assisted bicycles that are operated within the City of Charlottesville and Albemarle County.
The University’s Department of Parking and Transportation is responsible for the issuance and administration of University motorized scooter and electric power-assisted bicycles program and the regulations governing appropriate application process, use, parking, and storage of motorized scooters. The University Police Department is responsible for enforcing moving violations and/or other life safety issues.
- Riding Requirements:
The University requires the responsible operation of motorized scooters and electric power-assisted bicycles at all times while on University property. Requirements include:
- Obeying all applicable traffic regulations.
- Operating (riding) only in designated operating areas and in accordance with slow and no-go zones as defined by the vendors’ service maps.
- Yielding to pedestrians in crosswalks.
- Wearing a helmet.
- Riding on streets and, where available, in bike lanes.
- Stand-up motorized scooters must stay to the right of street lanes and must offer the right-of-way to bicycles on bike lanes and bike paths.
- Not riding:
- while under the influence of alcohol or drugs.
- on any sidewalks, trails or other uneven surfaces.
- in any unsafe manner, including in tandem with a passenger, acrobatic riding, or in heavy pedestrian environments that overflow sidewalks (e.g., large events and class changes).
The University prohibits (1) the wearing of headphones or using a mobile device (including talking or texting) while riding; (2) charging the vehicle in any University or Medical Center electrical outlet; and (3) operating in a careless and reckless manner.
- Parking Requirements:
A motorized scooter or electric power-assisted bicycle operator shall park the vehicle upright in an available parking space within the existing UBike Share Hub locations or within existing motorcycle/moped parking areas. If a specific location is full, the operator shall proceed to a bike share or motorcycle/moped parking area that has availability. Electric power-assisted bicycles may also park upright in an available bicycle rack space. Parking these vehicles in other parking locations is prohibited.
Parking (leaving, abandoning) or storing the vehicle in any University facility, in University housing, or in any Medical Center building is prohibited.
A motorized scooter and power-assisted bicycle must not be parked, left, or abandoned so as to impede or interfere with:
- Access to any building or pedestrian areas.
- Access to any sidewalk, crosswalk, stairs, fire hydrant, call box, emergency facility, bus bench, or utility pole or box.
- The reasonable use of any commercial window display.
- The reasonable use of any bicycle rack or news rack.
- The landscape/furniture zone adjacent to or within:
- Transit zones, including bus stops, shelters, passenger waiting areas, and bus layover and staging zones.
- Loading zones.
- Accessible parking spaces or zones or any American with Disabilities Act (ADA) amenity.
- Street furniture that requires pedestrian access (e.g., benches, bus shelters, transit information signs).
- Curb ramps.
[Note: Parking in prohibited areas is subject to a civil penalty up to $50.00.]
The University reserves the right to designate additional areas where motorized scooter and electric power-assisted bike parking is prohibited.
The University and the Medical Center reserve the right to impound motorized scooters and electric power-assisted bikes for non-compliance with this policy. Impound fees will apply.
For additional information and to read the full policy, see SEC-043: Riding, Parking, and Storing of Motorized Scooters and Electric Power-Assisted Bicycles at the University.
Sexual and Gender-Based Harassment and Other Forms of Interpersonal Violence
The University of Virginia is an institution built upon foundational values of honor, integrity, trust, and respect. Consistent with these values, the University is committed to providing a safe and non-discriminatory learning, living, and working environment for all members of the University community. To these ends, the University has adopted a Policy on Sexual and Gender-Based Harassment and Other Forms of Interpersonal Violence (the “Sexual Misconduct Policy”). The University prohibits Sexual Harassment as defined by Title IX, which includes Quid Pro Quo Harassment, Sexual Harassment, Sexual Assault, Dating Violence, Domestic Violence, and Stalking on the basis of sex in an education program or activity (“Title IX Prohibited Conduct”) and other forms of sexual and gender-based misconduct, including Non-Consensual Sexual Contact, Non-Consensual Sexual Intercourse, Sexual Exploitation, Intimate Partner Violence, Stalking, Quid Pro Quo Harassment, Hostile Environment Harassment, Complicity in the commission of any act prohibited by this policy, and Retaliation against a person for the good faith reporting of any of these forms of conduct or participation in any investigation or proceeding under this policy (“Sexual or Gender-Based Prohibited Conduct”) (collectively, “Prohibited Conduct”). These forms of Prohibited Conduct undermine the values and purpose of the University, and such conduct will not be tolerated. The forms of Prohibited Conduct are defined in the Sexual Misconduct Policy. Prohibited Conduct also may violate federal and/or state law and may be subject to criminal prosecution.
A detailed discussion of the resources available to students affected by Prohibited Conduct is contained in the Resource and Reporting Guide for Students. This Resource Guide provides information about how to obtain medical assistance; how to report Prohibited Conduct to the University and/or to law enforcement; how and where to obtain confidential support; and how to obtain certain appropriate and available protective and remedial measures in the aftermath of Prohibited Conduct. Additional information regarding available resources, reporting options, and resolution options can be found on UVA’s CavCare site.
Your health, safety, and well-being are the University’s primary concern. If you have been affected by Prohibited Conduct, you are strongly urged to seek immediate assistance. Assistance can be obtained 24 hours a day, seven days a week, from:
- Police (UVA, Charlottesville, Albemarle County) • 911
- Sexual Assault Resource Agency (SARA) • (434) 977-7273
- Shelter for Help in Emergency (SHE) • (434) 293-8509
- UVA Medical Center Emergency Department • (434) 924-2231
You may report Prohibited Conduct to the University through Just Report It, the University’s online reporting website, or by contacting the University’s Title IX Coordinator or The Title IX Office at firstname.lastname@example.org or (434) 297-7988.
Smoking and using Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems (ENDS) by faculty, staff, students, and visitors are prohibited inside facilities owned or leased by the University (including all on-Grounds housing facilities) and in University-owned vehicles. It is also prohibited (1) within 25 feet of all entries, outdoor air intakes, and operable windows; and (2) in any outside area adjacent to a facility whose configuration and/or other physical conditions allow smoke/vapor either to enter and affect the internal environment or to unduly affect the environment of those entering or exiting the facility.
Virginia law prohibits the purchase and possession of tobacco products, nicotine vapor products (e-cigarettes), and alternative nicotine products by anyone under 21 years of age (with the exception of active duty military personnel).
For additional information and to read the full policy, see SEC-028: No Smoking or Vaping.
Statement of Student Rights and Responsibilities
The University of Virginia is a community of scholars in which the ideals of freedom of inquiry, freedom of thought, freedom of expression, and freedom of the individual are sustained. The University is committed to supporting the exercise of any right guaranteed to individuals by the Constitution and the Code of Virginia and to educating students relative to their responsibilities.
The University of Virginia seeks to maintain an environment where students have the following rights:
Expression - Students can freely examine and exchange diverse ideas in an orderly manner inside and outside the classroom;
Association - Students can associate freely with other individuals, groups of individuals, and organizations for purposes that do not infringe on the rights of others;
Freedom from Discrimination - Students can expect to participate fully in the University community without discrimination, as defined by federal and state law and University policy;
Safe Environment - Students can function in their daily activities without unreasonable concerns for personal safety;
Discipline - Students can expect discipline to be implemented through established procedures containing all elements of due process for the adjudication of charges and the opportunity for continued University involvement (as appropriate) until the resolution of the charges;
Privacy - Students are free of unreasonable intrusions into personal records and/or matters relevant to identity, living space, and well-being;
High-Quality Resources - Students have access to high-quality resources that support intellectual and social development;
Counseling - Students have access to support in managing personal adjustments, understanding self and others, and career planning and personal decision-making;
Grievance Process - Students have access to established procedures for respectfully presenting and addressing their concerns/complaints to the University;
Learning beyond Formal Instruction - Students have access to a variety of activities beyond the classroom, which support intellectual and personal development;
Education - Students have access to excellent faculty, academic technology, classrooms, libraries, presentations, and other resources necessary for the learning process;
Personal Growth - Students live and study in a setting that fosters personal growth;
Participation in Community Affairs - Students have opportunities to interact with people and institutions both within and beyond the University community;
Student Activity Fee Refunds - Students may apply for a partial refund of their student activity fee if they do not wish to support the particular speech activities of some student organizations receiving these funds;
University Governance - Students may participate in the governance of the University with opportunities including, but not limited to, the University Honor and Judiciary Committees, allocations of student activities fees, programming (University Programs Council), Residence Life (Resident Staff and house councils), and through membership on University and school committees;
Prompt Responses from Administration - Students have the right to expect prompt and courteous responses from the University’s academic and administrative departments;
Academic and Administrative Policies - Students can expect academic and administrative policies that support intellectual inquiry, learning, and growth.
The exercise and preservation of these freedoms and rights require a respect for the rights of all in the community. Students enrolling in the University assume an obligation to conduct themselves in a manner that is civil and compatible with the University’s function as an educational institution. It is clear that in a community of learning, willful disruption of the educational process, destruction of property, and interference with the orderly process of the University, or with the rights of other members of the University, cannot be tolerated. In order to fulfill its functions of imparting and gaining knowledge, the University has the authority and responsibility to maintain order within the University and to exclude those who are disruptive of the educational process.
Standards of Conduct
Generally, prohibited conduct for which a student is subject to discipline is defined as follows (not including violations of the Honor System and motor vehicle regulations):
- Physical assault of any person on University-owned or -leased property, at any University-sanctioned function, at the permanent or temporary local residence of a University student, faculty member, employee, visitor, or in the city of Charlottesville or Albemarle County, or Prohibited Conduct, as defined in the University of Virginia HRM-041: Policy on Sexual and Gender-based Harassment and Other Forms of Interpersonal Violence.
- Conduct that intentionally or recklessly threatens the health or safety of any person on University-owned or -leased property, at a University-sanctioned function, at the permanent or temporary local residence of a University student, faculty member, employee, or visitor, or in the city of Charlottesville or Albemarle County.
- Unauthorized entry into or occupation of University facilities that are locked, closed to student activities, or otherwise restricted as to use.
- Intentional disruption or obstruction of teaching, research, administration, disciplinary procedures, other University activities, or activities authorized to take place on University property.
- Unlawfully blocking or impeding normal pedestrian or vehicular traffic on or adjacent to University property.
- Violation of University policies or regulations referenced in The Record, including policies concerning residence halls and the use of University facilities.
- Alteration, fabrication, or misuse of, or obtaining unauthorized access to University identification cards, other documents, or computer files or systems.
- Disorderly conduct on University-owned or -leased property or at a University-sanctioned function. Disorderly conduct is defined to include, but is not limited to, acts that breach the peace, are lewd, indecent, or obscene, and that are not constitutionally protected speech.
- Substantial damage to University-owned or -leased property or to any property in the city of Charlottesville or Albemarle County or to property of a University student, employee, faculty member, or visitor, occurring on University-owned or -leased property or at the permanent or temporary local residence of any student, faculty member, employee, or visitor.
- Any violation of federal, state, or local law, if such directly affects the University’s pursuit of its proper educational purposes and only to the extent such violations are not covered by other Standards of Conduct and only where a specific provision of a statute or ordinance is charged in the complaint.
- Intentional, reckless, or negligent conduct that obstructs the operations of the University Honor or Judiciary committees, or conduct that violates their rules of confidentiality.
- Failure to comply with directions of University officials acting under provisions 1-11 set above. This shall include failure to give identity in situations concerning alleged violations of sections 1-11.
One or more of the following sanctions for prohibited conduct may be imposed upon students by the University Judiciary Committee, depending upon the gravity of the offense:
- Admonition - An oral statement to a student that he or she is violating or has violated institution rules;
- Warning Notice - A notice, in writing, that continuation or repetition of conduct found wrongful, within a period of time stated in the warning, may be cause for more severe disciplinary action;
- Reprimand - A written censure for violation of the specified Standards of Conduct placed in the student’s record, including the possibility of more severe disciplinary sanctions should another violation occur within a stated period of time;
- Disciplinary Probation - Exclusion from participation in privileged or extracurricular activities as set forth in the notice of probation for a definite period of time;
- Restitution - Reimbursement for damage to or misappropriation of property.
- Suspension - Exclusion from classes and other privileges or activities or from the University, as set forth in the notice of suspension, for a definite period of time.
- Suspension Held in Abeyance - Exclusion from classes and other privileges or activities or from the University as set forth in the notice of suspension for a definite period of time to be enforced should another violation occur.
- Expulsion - Termination of student status for any indefinite period. The condition of readmission, if any, shall be stated in the order of expulsion.
Should a trial panel determine that an accused student is guilty of the offense(s) alleged, the University Judiciary Committee may impose any sanction(s), up to and including expulsion from the University, which it deems appropriate by a four-fifths vote, having taken into consideration all aggravating and mitigating circumstances.
As stated in the University Judiciary Committee Constitution, any violation of the University Standards of Conduct motivated by the age, color, disability, gender identity or expression, marital status, military status (which includes active duty service members, reserve service members, and dependents), national or ethnic origin, political affiliation, pregnancy (including childbirth and related conditions), race, religion, sex, sexual orientation, veteran status, and family medical or genetic information or any other basis stated in the University’s Notice of Non-discrimination and Equal Opportunity will be deemed an aggravating circumstance and will result in a more serious sanction, up to and including expulsion from the University.
Except for cases appealed directly to the Judicial Review Board, University Judiciary Committee decisions are automatically subject to review by the Vice President and Chief Student Affairs Officer or designee. The Vice President (or designee) may affirm the Judiciary Committee’s decision or, if he or she believes the decision is not in the best interest of the University, he or she may: (a) remand the decision to the University Judiciary Committee for review, reconsideration, or retrial with an explanation of why the Vice President (or designee) believes the case warrants further action by the Committee; or (b) refer the decision directly to the Judicial Review Board or its successor body.
An official of the University may temporarily suspend a student reasonably believed to pose a threat to himself or herself, to the health or safety of other members of the University, to University property, or to the educational process, pending a hearing on an underlying offense charged under the Standards of Conduct. An official of the University deliberating interim suspension shall consult with University Police and the Threat Assessment Team. Interim Suspension is also authorized where a student has engaged in violation(s) of the Standards of Conduct and/or federal, state, local, or international law, such that the official could reasonably conclude that the student is not fit to be a part of the community of responsibility and trust that is the University. Any student so suspended who thereafter enters upon those areas of the Grounds denied the student by the terms of the suspension, other than with the permission of or at the request of University officials or of a duly authorized hearing body for purposes of a hearing, is subject to further discipline by the University as well as possible arrest and criminal prosecution.
- A student so suspended shall be given the following warnings by the suspending official:
“You are hereby temporarily suspended and barred from [location—Grounds or portion thereof or specified activities]. You may only enter [area] with the permission of or upon the request of University officials or of an authorized hearing body for purposes of a hearing. You are entitled to a timely review (ordinarily within 48 hours) before the Vice President and Chief Student Affairs Officer and the Associate Vice President (AVP) for Safety & Security or their designee/s to determine whether this suspension is with good cause and may continue pending a hearing before the University Judiciary Committee or other governing hearing body. It is your responsibility to request such review by so notifying the Office of the Vice President and Chief Student Affairs Officer.”
- The Vice President and Chief Student Affairs Officer and the AVP for Safety & Security or designee/s may postpone a requested review for a reasonable period of time if the student is unavailable or for other good cause.
- Should the Vice President and Chief Student Affairs Officer and the AVP for Safety & Security or designee/s affirm or leave in place with modifications the interim suspension, the student may seek a hearing before the University Judiciary Committee or other governing hearing body on the underlying charges. The student must do so within 72 hours of notification of the Vice President’s decision or forfeit any right to an expedited hearing. Where an expedited hearing is timely sought, the University Judiciary Committee or other governing hearing body shall schedule a hearing as soon as practicable, subject to the rules and procedures adopted by the University Judiciary Committee or other governing hearing body.
Certain cases involving Interim Suspension may be decided directly by the University President (or designee) rather than the University Judiciary Committee or other governing hearing body.
Cases Involving Sexual and Gender-Based Harassment and Other Forms of Interpersonal Violence
The University has established separate Policy and Procedures for Sexual and Gender-Based Harassment and Other Forms of Interpersonal Violence. The Policy prohibits Sexual Assault, Sexual Exploitation, Intimate Partner Violence, Stalking, Sexual and Gender-Based Harassment, and Complicity in the commission of any act prohibited by the Policy, and Retaliation against a person for the good faith reporting of any of these forms of conduct or participation in any investigation or proceeding under the policy HRM-041: Policy on Sexual and Gender-based Harassment and Other Forms of Interpersonal Violence. These forms of conduct (the “Prohibited Conduct”) are defined in the Policy. For additional information on related Procedures for Reports Against Students and the Resource and Reporting Guide for Students, see the EOCR website.
Cases Involving Contributory Health Impairments
The University has established two separate procedures to address allegations of misconduct for certain student cases involving contributory health impairments:
- Procedures for Hearings on Contributory Health Impairments in Honor Cases: Available to address appropriate cases before the University Honor Committee and relevant issues arising in the context of Interim Suspension; and
- Procedures for Student Disciplinary Cases Involving Contributory Health Impairments: Student Affairs may also invoke this Procedure whether or not judicial charges are filed or pending when there is good cause to believe that, based upon a student’s conduct or behavior, a student’s presence at the University poses a significant risk. In any such instance, the Student Affairs may require that the student undergo a mental health assessment as one of the conditions for the student’s return or continued enrollment at the University.
Contact Student Affairs (434-924-7133 or email@example.com) for full information on these procedures.
Cases Decided by the President
The University President may initiate, intervene in, and preempt proceedings before any University body when the President determines, in his or her sole discretion, that established processes will be unable to timely or properly adjudicate a case or complaint including, but not limited to, cases involving students arrested, charged, or convicted of criminal conduct or other serious conduct not involving criminal proceedings which reasonably endangers or threatens to disrupt the University community or University operations. The foregoing shall include, without limitation, conduct involving the possession or distribution of controlled substances on or off University property, attempted or inflicted bodily injury or other harm to any member of the University community, and destruction or attempted destruction of University property.
The President’s disciplinary review shall provide affected students with written notice and opportunity to be heard consistent with due process of law, and such further proceedings, if any, as he or she may stipulate appropriate to the circumstances. Disciplinary proceedings before the President shall not be governed by established procedures of other University bodies, and shall terminate proceedings involving the same alleged misconduct before any other University body unless otherwise authorized by the President.
The jurisdiction of University bodies shall be subject to the continuing authority of the President to discipline, suspend, and/or expel as provided above.
For the purposes of this provision, the President may delegate responsibility to a designee of his or her choice to discharge any or all of the responsibilities described herein.
Conduct in the Residence Area
In addition to the University regulations and policies described above, Housing & Residence Life provides specific regulations that define the terms and conditions of occupancy of University Housing. These policies are published in the Student Housing Calendar. It should be noted that these regulations are encompassed under the University’s Standards of Conduct, specifically under standards six and nine.
Resident Staff live in single student housing to enforce University regulations, policies, and Housing Terms and Conditions.
Continuing Duty to Report Criminal Arrests
Students have a continuing duty to promptly report to Student Affairs any arrests for violations of federal, state, local, or international law, excluding minor traffic violations that do not result in injury to others. This duty applies regardless of where the arrest occurred (inside or outside the Commonwealth of Virginia) and regardless of whether the University is in session at the time of the arrest. An arrest includes the issuance of a written citation or summons regardless of whether the student is taken into custody by law enforcement. Charges related to driving under the influence of alcohol or other drugs are not “minor traffic violations” and must be reported. Students must contact Student Affairs at 434-924-7133 within 72 hours of the incident that led to their arrest. Failure to comply with this continuing duty will result in the immediate referral of a student to the University Judiciary Committee and also may result in imposition of an interim suspension by the University Dean of Students (or designee).
For additional information and to read the full policy, see STAF-003: Statement of Students’ Rights and Responsibilities.
Student International Travel
The University has established requirements for students traveling outside of the national borders of the United States for University-related purposes, which is any travel that is for academic credit and/or utilizes University resources, including travel for study, research, internships, service, conferences, presentations, teaching, performances, recruiting, or athletic competitions. Schools and units may have additional policies and procedures that support this overall policy. Individuals planning and leading group travel activities that will involve students must also adhere to this policy. Unless noted otherwise, all aspects of this policy also apply to Graduate Medical Education (GME) trainees.
The vice provost for global affairs is responsible for implementing this policy and acts as the University’s representative in all matters discussed in this policy.
Minimum Requirements for Students Traveling Abroad
All students and Graduate Medical Education (GME) trainees traveling abroad for University-related purposes must register their international travel in the University Travel Registry before the expected departure date and, if possible, should update the travel registry as additional information becomes available or changes occur throughout the duration of the trip, including additional countries added during travel.
Students traveling abroad for University-related purposes individually or as part of a University-organized group are required to:
- Meet the eligibility requirements of their school of enrollment for education abroad (generally good academic and disciplinary standing);
- Enter their travel information in the University’s Travel Registry;
- Purchase a policy with the University’s designated health and emergency assistance insurance provider;
- Affirm that they have read, understand, and agree to the University’s Conditions of Participation and Acceptance of Risk for international travel;
- Enroll in the U.S. Department of State’s Smart Traveler Enrollment Program (STEP) if a U.S. citizen; and
- Avoid travel to or through nations or regions which have a Level 3 or Level 4 Travel Advisory issued by the U.S. Department of State Travel, are subject to a Level 3 Travel Health Notification issued by the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), are a U.S. Dept. of Treasury Sanctioned Country, or are subject to a travel restriction issued by the University unless granted an exemption (see procedures for petitioning for an exemption below).
GME trainees must meet requirements b. – f. (above) and secure approval for their planned travel for University-related purposes from their program director and GME Committee.
Crisis response procedures are provided in the Crisis Management Plan for Education Abroad, available by contacting the International Studies Office. University faculty, students, and staff are expected to follow these procedures. These procedures should also be employed to assist individual student travelers.
For additional information and to read the full policy, see PROV-010: Student and Graduate Medical Education Trainee International Travel.
Tent Use on University Property
Environmental Health & Safety (EHS) is responsible for all fire safety and related issues at the University of Virginia. All tents (regardless of size), whether they are rental, University-owned, or privately-owned, erected on University property must be assembled in accordance with the Uniform Statewide Building Code and the Virginia Statewide Fire Prevention Code.
All tents must be permitted by EHS prior to being erected. Final approval is not granted until the tent has passed inspection by EHS. Permit applications are to be obtained from EHS.
For additional information and to read the full policy, see SEC-013: Tent Use on University Property.
Terms and Conditions for Contracted Independent Organizations and Fraternal Organizations
To achieve Contracted Independent Organization (CIO) or Fraternal Organization (FO) status, an organization is required to execute the Contracted Independent Organization Agreement (CIO Agreement) or Fraternal Organization Agreement (FOA) with the University on an annual basis. These agreements define the University’s relationship with the organization and set specific terms and conditions the organization must meet in exchange for receiving certain enumerated University benefits.
CIOs are formed by University students to offer educational, service, and social opportunities. Membership is typically comprised primarily of students, faculty, staff, and alumni, but limited community membership in the organizations is possible. The University does not use the concept of “recognizing” CIOs. CIOs operate independent of the University and are not agents, servants, or employees of the University. They do not have the authority to act for or commit the University to any activity, transaction, or agreement. The University does not supervise, direct, or control CIOs’ activities. Club Sports are CIOs comprised entirely of University students, faculty, and/or staff which offer recreational/athletic opportunities to their members. In addition to executing the CIO Agreement, Club Sports are required to execute a Club Sports Attachment on an annual basis.
FOs are student organizations in relationship with the University through an approved agreement and are governed by the National Pan-Hellenic Council (NPHC), the Inter-Fraternity Council (IFC), the Inter-Sorority Council (ISC), or the Multicultural Greek Council (MGC). FOs are comprised entirely of University students and offer educational, service, and social opportunities to their members.To read the full policy, including terms and conditions for CIOs and FOs, see STAF-002: Terms and Conditions for Contracted Independent Organizations and Fraternal Organizations.
Use of Alcoholic Beverages and Prohibition of Other Drugs
The University of Virginia prohibits the illegal or otherwise irresponsible use of alcohol and other drugs. It is the responsibility of every member of the University community to know the risks associated with substance use and misuse. This responsibility obligates students and employees to know relevant University policies and federal, state, and local laws, and to conduct themselves in accordance with these laws and policies. To these ends, the University publishes the following information regarding University policies and sanctions, laws, and penalties concerning substance use and misuse, health and behavioral risks of substance use, and resources for treatment and educational programming.
Virginia laws concerning the purchase, possession, consumption, sale, and storage of alcoholic beverages include the following:
- Any sale of an alcoholic beverage requires a license from the Virginia Alcoholic Beverage Control (ABC) Board.
- Alcoholic beverages are not to be given, sold, or served to persons under 21 years of age.
- Alcoholic beverages are not to be given, sold, or served to persons who are intoxicated.
- Virginia law prohibits: drinking in unlicensed public places; possession, consumption, or purchase of an alcoholic beverage by a person under 21 years of age; falsely representing one’s age for the purpose of procuring alcohol; purchasing, giving, providing, or assisting in providing an alcoholic beverage for a person who is under 21 years of age; public intoxication; and providing alcohol to an intoxicated person.
Members of the University community living in University Property and their invited guests who are lawfully permitted to purchase, possess, and use alcohol may do so in the residence or on any immediately adjacent area devoted to residential use; they should not do so, however, in public places or in any area on University Property devoted to common use. The presence of underage family members, employees, or guests does not preclude the serving of alcohol in a residence that is University Property, provided an appropriate of-age family member and/or host is willing to assume the legal responsibility for complying with Virginia and federal law and University policy.
The University of Virginia assumes no responsibility for any liability incurred at any event not sponsored by the University where alcohol is served and/or sold. Students and members of Contracted Independent Organizations or of organizations with a Fraternal Organization Agreement are obliged to conduct themselves in accordance with the laws of the Commonwealth of Virginia and assume full responsibility for their activities and events.
2. Alcohol at University Functions or on University Property:
All University Functions or events that occur on University Property that include alcohol must adhere to these requirements (Note: University-Associated Organization (UAO) events that do not occur on University Property are not subject to these requirements unless there is co-sponsorship with a University Office or Department):
- Function sponsors are responsible for following all federal, state, and local laws and University policies that apply to the serving and/or selling of alcoholic beverages.
- University Functions with underage guests in attendance must have an Event Manager present at all times. The Event Manager(s) must successfully complete the University’s free online Alcohol Risk Management class (see course details and registration) prior to the Function. The Event Manager(s) must supervise all alcohol service and check for proper age identification of individuals attending the Function. (Note that this does not apply to Functions occurring at properly state licensed food and beverage establishments outside of University Property as the establishment will bear this responsibility).
- Non-alcoholic beverages and food items must be present in appropriate quantities.
- Alcoholic beverages may not be mentioned in the advertising or publicizing of a University Function or an event that occurs on University Property (e.g., “happy hour” or “cocktail reception”) unless approved by the relevant alcohol approval authority as noted below.
- Additional requirements for alcohol service on University Property:
- Functions, whether planned or spontaneous, involving the possession, distribution, and/or consumption of alcoholic beverages are prohibited in and around the first-year residence halls.
- Function sponsors must determine if an ABC license is required. Note that some venues on University Property are covered under an existing ABC license and alcohol service must be provided through the licensee (e.g., University Dining Services).
- Possession of kegs, pony kegs, or beer balls is prohibited on University Property unless provided and managed by a licensed caterer and removed from plain view.
- Event sponsors shall not permit the entry or exit of persons with beverage containers.
Any use of alcohol at a University Function or on University Property must be approved by the appropriate alcohol approval authority a minimum of five business days in advance using the required University form. The approval authorities (or their designees) as listed below will review and approve all requests within their direct reporting lines (and as otherwise noted) and may prohibit, limit, or condition the service of alcohol in spaces they manage.
- President’s Office (including the Office of Major Events).
- Executive Vice President/Provost (EVP/Provost).
- Executive Vice President/Chief Operating Officer (EVP/COO).
- Executive Vice President for Health Affairs (EVP/HA). (For additional information, see Health System policy, BEH-004: Alcohol and Drug Free Environment.)
- Vice President for Advancement. The VP for Advancement also reviews and approves all UAO events with alcohol that occur on University Property.
- Vice President & Chief Student Affairs Officer (VPCSAO). The VPCSAO also reviews and approves all Functions sponsored by student agency or special status organizations (acting within their delegated functions) on or off University Property, and all events sponsored by special status organizations, Contracted Independent Organizations, or Fraternal Organizations occurring on University Property.
- Department of Athletics. Athletics also reviews and approves all Functions occurring in University athletic facilities including Scott Stadium, John Paul Jones Arena, and Disharoon Park. Functions subject to review include non-athletic activities such as concerts and other artistic performances.
- Colonnade Club. A University office, department, or student organization must first receive approval from the appropriate approval authority prior to sponsoring an event at the Colonnade Club. The Colonnade Club is its own approval authority for all other events or functions.
University Functions with alcohol that occur at properly state-licensed food and beverage establishments outside of University Property do not require review by a University alcohol approval authority. Function sponsors are responsible for following all federal, state, and local laws, University policies, and establishment requirements.
For University Functions occurring outside of University Property but not in a properly state-licensed food and beverage establishment, Function sponsors must receive approval from the appropriate alcohol approval authority and adhere to the requirements in this section.
3. Tobacco and Nicotine Vapor Products (E-cigarettes):
Virginia law prohibits the purchase and possession of tobacco products, nicotine vapor products (e-cigarettes), and alternative nicotine products by anyone under 21 years of age (with the exception of active duty military personnel). Such products may not be sold to anyone under 21 years of age. The University does not tolerate or condone the use of these products by students or employees under 21 years of age. Students and employees who violate this law may be referred by University authorities for civil prosecution and appropriate University conduct procedures. (For more information, see policy SEC-028: No Smoking or Vaping.)
4. Other Drugs:
Unauthorized manufacture, distribution, use, and possession of “controlled substances” (illegal drugs), including prescription drugs, cannabis, and cocaine, are prohibited by both Virginia and federal law and are punishable by severe penalties. The University does not tolerate or condone such conduct. Students and employees who violate Virginia or federal drug laws may be referred by University authorities for criminal prosecution.
Whether or not criminal charges are brought, all students and employees are subject to University discipline for illegally manufacturing, distributing, possessing, or using any controlled substance (i) on University property, (ii) at University Functions, or (iii) under other circumstances involving a direct and substantial connection to the University. Any student found to have engaged in such conduct is subject to the entire range of University Judiciary Committee sanctions described in the Statement of Student Rights and Responsibilities, including suspension and expulsion. University personnel found in violation of this policy are subject to appropriate personnel sanctions.
With recent changes to the Commonwealth of Virginia’s cannabis laws, students and employees should be aware of the impact of these laws both on and off University Grounds. The University’s alcohol and other drug policy has not changed and continues to prohibit possession and use of cannabis on Grounds. Federal law classifies cannabis/marijuana as a Schedule 1 drug. As such, possession, use, and distribution of cannabis remains prohibited on all University Property and at all University Functions under the Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act and the Drug Free Workplace Act. This prohibition includes dorms and other student residences on University property. For additional information regarding the Commonwealth’s new marijuana laws, please see Virginia Cannabis Control Authority.
Use of Amplified Sound on Outdoor University Property
Use of amplified sound on outdoor University property is subject to reasonable time, place, and manner restrictions. Use of amplified sound on outdoor property requires advance approval by Event Management (Student Affairs), UVA Recreation for UVA Rec areas, Housing & Residence Life for residential community areas, or the Deans of the School of Medicine and Nursing for outdoor University property near the Schools of Medicine and Nursing.
Amplified sound is not permitted for more than three hours per day per outdoor area. A sound check lasting no more than 45 minutes may be approved in addition to the three-hour reservation. Amplified sound on outdoor University property will generally be approved only for the following timeframes during academic sessions:
- Friday: 6:00 p.m. to 10:00 p.m.
- Saturday and Sunday: 10:00 a.m. to 10:00 p.m.
Amplified sound will not be permitted where it disrupts student education, residential living, research, or the faculty/staff work environment.
For additional information and to read the full policy, please see SEC-041: Use of Amplified Sound on Outdoor University Property.
Space in the Rotunda may be reserved for events, within the guidelines provided in this policy, by University schools, departments, and units; student groups/organizations; or University-Associated Organizations. Assignment of spaces shall be content neutral. Spaces shall be made available on a first-come, first-serve basis. (Although this policy does not apply to official events sponsored by the University, official events sponsored by the University will take priority over any other event.) The Rotunda will not be used for private parties (e.g., wedding receptions) nor will it be used for events requiring the collection of admission fees. No displays of corporate sponsorship are allowed in the Rotunda. The Rotunda is a smoke-free building. Any exceptions to these policies must be approved by the Rotunda Administration prior to the event. A representative of the reserving entity must be present at the event and will serve as the liaison with Rotunda and other University staff.
The Dome Room and other Rotunda spaces may be used after the normal closing hour for the Rotunda (5:00 p.m.) only if official Rotunda personnel are present. Users will be billed for the cost of these employees and security staff on an hourly basis. A rental fee will also be assessed. For a list of places that may be reserved and associated capacities and fees, please see the Rotunda website. All events are to end and all guests must vacate the premises by 10:00 p.m. This curfew is strictly enforced. Candles with flames are not permitted for events held in the Rotunda.
Aside from the West Courtyard, exterior spaces such as Rotunda terraces, porticos, and courtyards are not spaces that may be reserved. Unless the reservation of the West Courtyard will interfere with other events or a prior reservation, the West Courtyard may be reserved only in conjunction with a reservation of the Multipurpose Room.
University Dining Services is the exclusive caterer for all Rotunda events. No food or beverages may be brought into the main Rotunda building from an outside source. Food and beverages may be brought into the Multipurpose Room in the southwest wing of the Rotunda, but not delivered. Users of the Multipurpose Room are responsible for all cleanup, and the privilege of reserving the space may be suspended if the group does not adhere to this policy.
The Dome Room will not be used for breakfasts, luncheons, or meeting breaks; these events may be scheduled in the Lower West Oval Room or the Multipurpose Room.
All events where alcohol will be served require approval consistent with the University’s Alcohol Policy, STU-001: Use of Alcoholic Beverages and Prohibition of Other Drugs. No alcohol may be served on the Rotunda terraces and porticos or in the courtyards during the academic year.
During the time the Rotunda is open to the public (usually 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.), Dome Room events will not normally be closed to the public. The oval rooms and the Multipurpose Room, if reserved, may be used for events which are closed to the public.
Students are encouraged to use the Dome Room, Upper West Oval Room (lounge), North Oval Room, and Lower West Oval Room for study whenever the rooms available during normal open hours and during the designated study hours of 5:00 p.m. to 10:00 p.m. on Sunday, Monday, and Tuesday evenings during the academic year, subject to any changes by the Rotunda Administration. Throughout the exam periods, student study hours will extend to midnight.
For additional information and to read the full policy, see PRM-007: Use of the Rotunda.
Use of the University Libraries
The University of Virginia Library system seeks to provide all patrons with a welcoming, comfortable, and safe environment that promotes free intellectual exploration, research, and learning. In their use of the libraries, patrons must comply with policies specifically applicable to and posted at individual libraries such as Darden, Law, and Health Sciences. Central Grounds libraries are regulated by specific policies found at https://www.library.virginia.edu/policies. Members of the general public, “community patrons,” are welcome to use library facilities.
Library patrons are expected to respect the rights of others to use library resources and facilities in a quiet, clean, and peaceful atmosphere and to respect and care for all library materials, equipment, and property. Library patrons must not engage in disruptive activity or other behavior that interferes with the normal use and operation of the libraries (see https://www.library.virginia.edu/policies/use-of-the-library for specific library use policies applicable to Central Grounds library facilities).
The UVA libraries prioritize certain services, resources, and space to the University community and affiliated researchers. In particular, library computers are limited in number and often in high demand. Therefore, priority use of library computers is reserved for students, faculty, and staff engaged in education-related activities.
Failure to comply with library policies may be grounds for removal from the UVA library system on a temporary or permanent basis, removal from the University Grounds for trespass, or the filing of criminal charges. Use of the UVA libraries is a privilege, not a right.
For additional information and to read the full policy, see PRM-005: Use of the University Libraries.
Use of the University’s Federally Registered Trademark
The Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia owns all of the names, nicknames, trademarks, services marks, seals, indicia, logos and mascots which relate to the University of Virginia or which members of the public reasonably believe relate to the University of Virginia. A licensing program has been established so that the public properly identifies and associates University logos on products bearing the institution’s marks. University Communications administers the licensing program. The Office of Licensing and Trademark maintains the official inventory of University names, indicia and logos; approves and registers any new marks, logos, etc.; and maintains a list of licensees authorized to manufacture and distribute goods bearing the name, indicia, or logos of the University of Virginia.
The University has registered many of its names, nicknames, marks, indicia and logos with the state and at the federal level.
The University of Virginia Bookstore (Bookstore) has been designated an independent licensee. The Bookstore approves its own UVa logo designs and has the authority to license its own merchandise for sale in its retail location(s) in conjunction with the University’s designated licensing agent.
It has been determined by the University that the following products will NOT normally be licensed:
- Alcoholic beverages and statements promoting the use of alcoholic beverages,
- Bathroom articles (toilet seats, toilet paper, etc.),
- Sexually suggestive statements or articles,
- Statements infringing upon other schools,
- Political, sexist, racist, religious products and/or statements,
- Items of poor quality in relation to the proposed sale price,
- Products bearing the name or likeness of or otherwise promoting a current University student-athlete,
- Any item not meeting minimum standards of quality and good taste or having abnormal product liability possibilities (athletic equipment, food stuff, products that due to content are unusually short-lived) as determined by the Licensing Director.
For additional information and to read the full policy, see GOV-004: Use of the University’s Federally Registered Trademark.
Use of University Equipment
Students are allowed reasonable use of University equipment when it is related to scholarship, research, public service, and/or approved extracurricular activities. Such use requires approval of the appropriate equipment supervisor, provided the University incurs no unreasonable costs for materials, supplies, maintenance, and/or repairs.
University equipment already in place may not be disconnected or modified without approval of the appropriate facility director or equipment supervisor.
Equipment Brought onto Grounds by Students for Sponsored Events
The following equipment must be approved and/or inspected by the appropriate facility director or equipment supervisor prior to any scheduled event sponsored by a student organization:
- Any equipment that requires electricity and has a combined power consumption of more than 15 amps (equal to 1800 watts). Examples include but are not limited to desktop and laptop computers, video and data projectors, printers, fax machines, copiers, broadcast or streaming video equipment, amplified sound and/or DJ audio equipment (such as amplifiers, powered speakers), and decorative lighting and/or lighting equipment (such as holiday or accent lights, photography/video lighting, stage/theatrical/DJ lighting, work lights).
- Any cooking equipment including but not limited to: refrigeration units, steam or warming equipment, ovens (including microwave, convection, broilers and baking ovens), fryers, griddles, grills (open flame, gas, or electrical types).
- Any decorations including but not limited to: tapestries, drapes/curtains, flags, banners, or other decorative fabric material. All fabric materials must have a flame certificate that complies with NFPA 701. Decorations must not be suspended from ceilings or walls without prior approval.
For additional information and to read the full policies, see PRM-011: Use of Working Time and University Equipment for Personal or Commercial Purposes and PRM-017: Use of University Facilities or Property and Limits on Direct Solicitation and Advertising.
Use of University Facilities or Property and Limits on Direct Solicitation and Advertising
The use of University facilities and property must:
- not impede student education, academic activities, research, patient care, scheduled events, University functions, residences, or the faculty/staff work environment;
- be safe for participants and not generate security issues; and
- preserve the integrity and aesthetics of the University’s property.
Public speaking and distribution of literature under this policy is not considered speech made by, on behalf of, or endorsed by the University of Virginia.
Third-party vendors not contracted by the University who provide delivery of goods and services to University employees or students on University property or in University facilities are responsible for complying with all relevant University policies and procedures.
- General Access to University Facilities:
Subject to University uses and reasonable time, place, and manner restrictions, University facilities may be made available, on a first come, first serve basis in the following order of priority: student groups or organizations, employees, and unaffiliated persons. Access shall be granted without regard to the content or viewpoint of speakers or their sponsors. Individual schools and departments may adopt guidelines governing the use of their facilities provided that they are consistent with this policy.
To prevent disruption of the educational, research, patient care, and work environment, public speaking and verbal protests/demonstrations may occur only on outdoor property subject to the provisions of this policy.
- Access by Student Groups or Organizations:
Student groups or organizations have priority over the use of University facilities designated for student activities. Other University facilities, including available academic spaces, also may be reserved for extracurricular activity by student groups or organizations.
- Access by Unaffiliated Persons:
Unaffiliated persons must be sponsored by a student group/organization or a University school or department in order to use University facilities. The event must be conducted in a manner that does not hinder or impede the University’s mission. If a resource or scheduling conflict arises, events by University schools or departments and student groups/organizations shall have scheduling priority over events and activities conducted by sponsored unaffiliated persons.
- Access by Affiliated Persons and Alumni for Weddings & Memorial Services:
The University Chapel, select locations in Newcomb Hall, and Ern Commons may be made available to affiliated persons and alumni for weddings and memorial services. Procedures governing the use of these facilities for weddings are available in the Division of Student Affairs, Event Management.
[Note: See Section 7. Exclusions below.]
- General Access to Outdoor University Property:
- Access by Affiliated Persons:
Affiliated persons and student groups/organizations may utilize outdoor University property for public speaking or distribution of literature, so long as they do not impede normal operations or obstruct pedestrian or vehicular traffic.
- Access by Unaffiliated Persons:
Unaffiliated persons wishing to engage in public speaking or distribution of literature on outdoor University property may do so in designated locations. The North Plaza of the Rotunda is not a designated location that unaffiliated persons may use. Unaffiliated persons wishing to utilize the spaces designated for public speaking or distribution of literature may do so by contacting the Reservation Officer in the Office of the President no more than 4 weeks in advance and at least 7 days in advance of the desired speaking date. Reservations are allocated on a space-available basis with priority given to student groups/organizations and affiliated persons. Reservations are for two-hour blocks, with a maximum of one two-hour block per speaker per week. Use of spaces designated for public speaking or distribution of literature must conform with University regulations and policies and must not block pedestrian or vehicular traffic or impede normal University operations.
In addition to the opportunities for speech by unaffiliated persons outlined in this subsection, events that are held in indoor University facilities and are open to the public or to select unaffiliated persons create a right to peaceful demonstration and protest on outdoor University property in specific relation to such events in a manner that (1) does not impede normal operations or obstruct pedestrian or vehicular traffic, (2) is consistent with University policies, and (3) complies with any event-specific security requirements.
[Note: See Section 7. Exclusions below.]
- Duties Toward Speakers:
No person may disrupt an invited or permitted speaker or hinder the ability of other attendees to see or hear a speaker. (See the Procedure for the process to report any incident of disruption of public speaking or other constitutionally protected speech.)
- Admission Fee:
Admission may be charged for events sponsored by student groups/organizations, but no admission fees may be charged for events held at the Rotunda.
[Note: See Section 7. Exclusions below.]
- Limits on Advertising, Sales, and Solicitation:
Direct advertising, sales, and commercial solicitation by affiliated and unaffiliated persons are not permitted on University property or in University facilities, including University Housing. Student groups or organizations may, however, engage in promotional and fundraising activity if such activity does not disrupt University business, generate security issues, duplicate services or goods provided at the University, block sidewalks or roads, impair the aesthetics and integrity of University property, or generate personal profit for individuals.
The following sites may be reserved for promotional activities or fundraising by student groups or organizations: Northwest sidewalk of the lower Lawn, Second Floor of Newcomb Hall, Monroe Plaza, and Observatory Hill. No sales or promotional activity is permitted on the upper Lawn, in the Academical Village, or in the Gardens. Promotional activity or fundraising by student groups/organizations shall occur only between the hours of 9 a.m. and 7 p.m.
Section (5) Limits on Advertising, Sales, and Commercial Solicitation shall not apply to University facilities operated by or under the control of the Medical Center, the School of Medicine, and the School of Nursing. See the Related Information Section for Medical Center and Health System policies that may apply.
[Note: See Section 7. Exclusions below.]
- Use of the Lawn and Gardens:
Given the residential and historical nature of the Lawn and Gardens, outdoor events around the Lawn or at or around the Lower Lawn or Gardens must be approved in advance by Student Affairs. Use of such spaces must conform with Student Affairs policies and rules.
The upper Lawn may be reserved only for activities and official events sponsored by the University. Student groups/organizations or University schools and departments are permitted to use tables on the Lower Lawn only by advance reservation with Division of Student Affairs, Event Management and may not use tables for a period of time that exceeds three consecutive calendar days. No other structure is permitted on the Lawn except those deemed necessary by the University to accommodate residents and visitors or support official University activities or events.
[Note: See Section 7. Exclusions below.]
Sections 1, 2, 4, 5, and 6 of this policy do not apply to: (1) use of University facilities and property for activities and official events endorsed by the President and sponsored by the Office of Major Events, another University office, or a University-Associated Organization; (2) use of University facilities and property by its employees acting within the course and scope of their employment; or (3) use of University facilities and property by vendors and other unaffiliated persons that have a contractual relationship with the University, in the course of the performance of the contract.
- Use of Memorial Sites on University Grounds:
Several memorial sites exist across University Grounds, specifically the Memorial to Enslaved Laborers, University Cemetery & Columbarium, the former George Rogers Clark statue site, and enslaved or free laborer cemeteries (including the Maury Cemetery and Kitty Foster Homestead and Cemetery) (collectively known as “Memorial Sites”). Given their reverent purpose of solemn and respectful remembrance, these Memorial Sites carry additional requirements and conditions for use:
- Only events sponsored or co-sponsored by a University school or department may be scheduled at Memorial Sites.
- Unaffiliated persons may not engage in public speaking or distribution of literature at Memorial Sites.
- Affiliated and unaffiliated persons may visit Memorial Sites when there are no scheduled events and they are not closed.
- At no time shall any person attach objects or make markings of any kind on memorial structures, climb or jump on memorial structures, or in any way disrupt the aesthetics of the site.
- Use of the sites must adhere to all University policies including, but not limited to, Amplified Sound; Exterior Posting and Chalking; Regulation of Weapons, Fireworks, Explosives, and Other Prohibited Items; and Open Burn and Open Flame Operations.
Inquiries about the Memorial to Enslaved Laborers and the former George Rogers Clark statue site may be directed to MELfirstname.lastname@example.org.
- Persons Lawfully in Charge:
In addition to University personnel responsible for the management or supervision of University property and activities, University law-enforcement officers are lawfully in charge of University property for purposes of forbidding entry upon or within or prohibiting remaining upon or within University property in violation of this policy.
- Compliance with Policy:
Failure to comply with the requirements of this policy may result in disciplinary action up to and including termination and expulsion in accordance with relevant University policies.
Entry onto or occupation of University property or any University facility in violation of this policy is prohibited. Any person who violates this policy may be removed and/or prosecuted for trespass, disorderly conduct, or other offenses under state law.
Individuals or groups not in compliance with this policy may have their event cancelled, suspended, or terminated.
Affiliated persons who have questions about the application of this policy may contact Student Affairs. Unaffiliated persons who have questions about this policy may contact the Reservation Officer in the Office of the President.
For additional information and to read the full policy, see PRM-017: Use of University Facilities or Property and Limits on Direct Solicitation and Advertising.
Use of University Information Technology Resources
All users of University IT resources are required to use them in an ethical, professional, and legal manner. This policy applies to all users of the University’s information technology resources, regardless of location or person’s affiliation.
Users must be granted University IT resource accounts in accordance with the Accounts Provisioning and De-provisioning Standard.
Acceptable Use Requirements
All users agree to ensure the confidentiality and integrity of the University’s IT resources. All users must:
- Abide by the policies, standards, and procedures for appropriate usage for the University’s IT resources that they access, including the Acceptable Use Standards and Procedures. Abuse of information technology resources is prohibited including, but not limited to, the use of obscene or abusive language; unauthorized use or misuse of state property or records which includes electronic data; willfully or negligently damaging or defacing state records, state property or another persons’ property; falsification of records; and theft or unauthorized removal of state records, state property or another persons’ property. Should you become aware of any of these activities, report them to University Information Security or another appropriate University authority immediately. Information technology resource abuse should be reported to the electronic mail address email@example.com. For more information on acceptable use practices, see the University Information Security website.
- Respect the intended use of all the University’s IT resources and public IT resources, typically for supporting the mission of the University. All unauthorized use is prohibited. Unauthorized use includes, but is not limited to bitcoin mining, circumventing IT resources safeguards (i.e., hacking), or impeding the IT activities of others. Incidental personal use is permitted. (See policy PRM-011: Use of Working Time and University Equipment for Personal or Commercial Purposes.)
- Follow the rules and regulations governing the use of public IT resources and University equipment. The University expects all users to cooperate in using public IT resources for their intended purposes and in discontinuing their access when requested to do so.
- Report known or reasonable suspicion of misuse of University IT resources. (See policies: GOV-002: Reporting Fraudulent Transactions, HRM-002: Issuance and Use of University Identification Cards, FIN-044: Use of the University Travel and Expense Card, STAF-003: Statement of Student Rights and Responsibilities.)
- Complete all required security training required to obtain and/or maintain access, which includes all users of the High Security Virtual Private Network (HSVPN) and all users of systems governed by legal, regulatory, or contractual obligations requiring security training.
- Complete either the University’s or Health System’s online security awareness training at least annually.
Users must not:
- Divulge or share passwords, PINs, private keys, hardware tokens, or similar authentication elements with anyone else.
- Obtain or attempt to obtain unauthorized access to the University’s IT resources.
- Circumvent or attempt to circumvent security controls on the University’s IT resources.
- Allow unauthorized users access to the University’s IT resources.
- Exploit sessions left open, or otherwise misappropriate, assume, or steal the “identity” of another user. (See Authentication Standard and UVA Health System Policy IT-002: Use of Electronic Information and Systems.)
- Violate the privacy of others through access or use of the University’s IT resources. (See policy IRM-012: Privacy and Confidentiality of University Information and UVA Health System Policy INM-001: Requirements Concerning Confidential Information.)
- Use the University’s IT resources to access, use, copy, distribute, or otherwise reproduce or make available to others any copyright-protected materials, including digital materials and software, except as permitted under copyright law (especially with respect to “fair use”) or specific license. (See Copyright Act.)
University IT Resources:
All users agree to protect the University’s IT resources.
- Only Information Technology Services (ITS), Health Information and Technology, or their designees are authorized to:
- Attach networking equipment (including, but not limited to, routers, switches, wireless access points, Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP), Domain Name System (DNS) servers, etc.) to the University network or modify University network infrastructure (e.g., building copper and fiber cable plant, outlet wiring) (see Network Equipment Standard); or
- Provide for external physical connections to the University’s network (e.g., connections to an external internet service provider) (see External Physical Connections Standard).
- Persons responsible for the University’s IT resources must maintain these resources in a secure state in accordance with applicable legal, regulatory, and contractual requirements, as well as University policies, standards, and procedures. (See policy IRM-004: Information Security of University Technology Resources and UVA Health System policy IMN-001: Requirements Concerning Confidential Information.)
- Users must protect all data accessed or used. Users must recognize that certain data are sensitive and must limit their access to such data to authorized uses in direct performance of their official duties. (See policy IRM-003: Data Protection of University Information.)
- Users must recognize that the use of certain IT resources and data is restricted by legal, regulatory, and/or contractual requirements, as well as other University policies (such as IRM-006: Mass Digital Communications; IRM-013: Issuance of an Emergency Notification; and EXT-015: Endorsement of External Entities and Products).
Compliance with Policy
Any misuse of data or IT resources or failure to comply with the requirements of this policy may result in limitation or revocation of access to University IT resources. In addition, failure to comply with the requirements of this policy may result in disciplinary action up to and including termination or expulsion in accordance with relevant University policies. Violation of this policy may also violate federal, state, or local laws.
For additional information and to read the full policy, please see IRM-002: Acceptable Use of the University’s Information Technology Resources, as well as the Responsible Computing Handbook for Students. Questions about this policy should be directed to University Information Security (InfoSec).
Responsibility for Accounts
Each University user is responsible for the activity of all computing accounts and resources in his or her name. No user should ever give access to his or her accounts to another person. All users should take appropriate precautions to ensure no one else uses their accounts or resources.
Confidentiality of Electronic Messages and Files
Except in specific circumstances, the content of electronic communications and files associated with a user’s accounts will be treated as confidential by the University. The University does not routinely examine or monitor such content. Be aware, however, that electronic communications and files can sometimes be records that are subject to review with sufficient justification. They may be subject to the Virginia Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) if they were produced, collected, received, or retained in pursuance of law or in connection with the transaction of public business (rarely the case with student email). They may lose whatever confidentiality they have if their release is compelled by orders issued through courts of law. Also, officials overseeing the University’s disciplinary processes may rule that electronic communications and files are evidence that may be reviewed as part of investigations. Under these circumstances, the privacy of email and other files is not guaranteed. Computer system administrators and others seeking access, however, must follow certain approval requirements when dealing with requests for individual-account log or content information from persons other than the account holder. For additional information and to read the full policy, please see IRM-012: Privacy and Confidentiality of University Information.
Respect for Copyrights of Digital Materials and Software
Unauthorized use of copyright-protected or licensed materials—including, but not limited to, graphic images, movies, music or audio files, software, and written word—is a serious matter and is a violation of federal law. An individual who reproduces and/or distributes digitized copyrighted material without permission and in excess of “fair use” has violated federal digital copyright law, has put him or herself at personal risk for a lawsuit brought by the copyright owner, and has violated University policy.
Individuals who use software, such as BitTorrent, Gnutella or popcorn.io, to listen to or view files over the network often unknowingly share these files and all the individuals’ personal files with everyone on the Internet. Be aware that the penalties cited above apply in these cases. The University will not protect individuals who share (knowingly or not) copyrighted materials without written permission from the copyright holder to do so. For additional information and to read the full standard related to copyrights, please see Copyrights of Digital Materials and Software Standard.
Use of Unmanned Aircraft Systems (“UAS” or “Drones”)
Current faculty, staff, employees, students, and approved parties who would like to operate Unmanned Aircraft Systems (i.e., “Drones”) on University property or on behalf of the University at any location must receive approval under provisions described in University Policy SEC-040: Use of Unmanned Aircraft Systems (“UAS” or “Drones”). It is the responsibility of the UAS Operator and Remote Pilot in Command to be knowledgeable of and comply with this policy as well as all applicable federal, state, and local laws that govern or affect the UAS operation. Unless prior approval is granted, UAS or Drones may not be operated on University property. To read the full policy, including associated procedures, see SEC-040: Use of Unmanned Aircraft Systems (“UAS” or “Drones”).